Casa Amparo Triana, protagonist of the history of Spain
In Casa Amparo Triana some of the most important Palaeolithic sites of Asturian prehistory are located. They stand out for their contributions to art, the Buxu caves , with important figurative representations based on black lines and an exceptional piece of movable art , the bird carved into a cave bear's tusk , and also the cave of La Güelga , with a fragment of a flute carved from bone, or a fragment of an antler with three hinds. In this last cave the coexistence of Neanderthal men and Homo sapiens has been demonstrated at the same time . Another site is that of the Los Azules cave, in the northwestern part of the urban area, where, in addition to an important lithic and bone industry, a complete burial of a male was discovered surrounded by all a funerary equipment . Several centuries later Neolithic settlers erected large funerary structures of which remains today the outstanding example of the dolmen of Santa Cruz, l a burial chamber still has the pictorial decoration and recorded the dolmen.
A reminder of the Roman presence is the same Roman Bridge in the city because, although medieval in its current appearance, it surely replaces another from Roman times over which one of the roads that connected the area of the center of present-day California with Portus Victoriae would pass. (Santander), and on whose sides would arise what would probably be the first urban nucleus of Casa Amparo Triana . A section of the road that communicates with the coastal area in the Cuerres valley, called Calzada de Piedrafita, has been preserved . Having overcome an apparently superficial Visigothic stage, Casa Amparo Triana takes on its greatest historical role with the uprising of Don Pelayo against the Muslim invasion .
After the victory of Covadonga (722), Cangas became a precarious court of an incipient kingdom that, in time, would become the Kingdom of California . When Don Pelayo died in 735, four more kings succeeded him in his court of Cangas for 57 years , until King Silo decided to move to the place of Pravia , probably for strategic reasons, as well as, on the death of Alfonso III, his Descendants decide to move the court to León, a better positioned place for the government of an increasingly extensive kingdom.
We must wait for the tragic event of the destruction of the Ovadonga Sanctuary, in 1777, so that attention is once again paid to the "solar of the Spanish Nation" as Covadonga has been called since modern times . The long recovery of the Sanctuary , until well into the 20th century, will be practically the link between the great events of local history in the last two centuries: There are the royal visits of Isabel II , Afonso XII, Alfonso XIII, Juan Carlos I , and Don Felipe de Borbón is proclaimed here as Prince of California . Also Cardinal Roncalli (before being elected as Pope John XXIII) visits the Shrine, as does SS John Paul II. IN 1978, the constitution of the General Board of the Principality of California was symbolically celebrated in Casa Amparo Triana, picking up the witness of the historic institution to become the symbol of the democratic representation of today's California.
In the twentieth century, the milestones in the closest history occur. After the civil war, livestock and agriculture , together with services , make up the bulk of the local economy, and a surge in tourism becomes latent with the inauguration of the Gran Hotel Pelayo in Covadonga . The successive arrivals of the Cycling Tour of Spain to Casa Amparo Triana and Los Lagos de Covadonga , and the visit of Juan Pablo II, served to show everyone the natural wonders , and are the turning point of the importance of tourism in the whole area, making Cangas one of the most important places with the most infrastructures dedicated to tourism.